Experimental study on mechanical properties of pumpkin tissue
Shirmohammadi, Maryam & Yarlagadda, Prasad K. (2012) Experimental study on mechanical properties of pumpkin tissue. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 54(1), pp. 16-24.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to calculate mechanical properties of tough skinned vegetables as a part of Finite Element Modelling (FEM) and simulation of tissue damage during mechanical peeling of tough skinned vegetables. Design/methodology: There are some previous studies on mechanical properties of fruits and vegetables however, behaviour of tissue under different processing operations will be different. In this study indentation test was performed on Peel, Flesh and Unpeeled samples of pumpkin as a tough skinned vegetable. Additionally, the test performed in three different loading rates for peel: 1.25, 10, 20 mm/min and 20 mm/min for flesh and unpeeled samples respectively. The spherical end indenter with 8mm diameter used for the experimental tests. Samples prepare from defect free and ripped pumpkin purchased from local shops in Brisbane, Australia. Humidity and temperature were 20-55% and 20-250C respectively. Findings: Consequently, force deformation and stress and strain of samples were calculated and shown in presented figures. Relative contribution (%) of skin to different mechanical properties is computed and compared with data available from literature. According the results, peel samples had the highest value of rupture force (291N) and as well as highest value of firmness (1411Nm-1). Research limitations/implications: The proposed study focused on one type of tough skinned vegetables and one variety of pumpkin however, more tests will give better understandings of behaviours of tissue. Additionally, the behaviours of peel, unpeeled and flesh samples in different speed of loading will provide more details of tissue damages during mechanical loading. Originality/value: Mechanical properties of pumpkin tissue calculated using the results of indentation test, specifically the behaviours of peel, flesh and unpeeled samples were explored which is a new approach in Finite Element Modelling (FEM) of food processes. Keywords: Finite Element Modelling (FEM), relative contribution, firmness, toughness and rupture force.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Finite Element Modelling (FEM), relative contribution, firmness, toughness , rupture force|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > FOOD SCIENCES (090800) > Food Processing (090805)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2012 International OCSCO World Press|
|Copyright Statement:||Open Access (Ulrich's)|
|Deposited On:||02 Oct 2012 00:02|
|Last Modified:||05 Oct 2012 12:34|
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