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Revised reinforcement sensitivity theory : the impact of FFFS and stress on driving

Morton, Rachel & White, Melanie J. (2013) Revised reinforcement sensitivity theory : the impact of FFFS and stress on driving. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(1), pp. 57-63.

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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of a fear-based personality trait, as conceptualised in Gray’s revised reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) by the strength of the fight/flight/freeze system (FFFS), on young people’s driving simulator performance under induced psychosocial stress. Seventy-one young drivers completed the Jackson-5 questionnaire of RST traits, followed by a psychosocial stress or relaxation induction procedure (random allocation to groups) and then a city driving simulator task. Some support was found for the hypothesis that higher FFFS sensitivity would result in poorer driving performance under stress, in terms of significantly poorer hazard responses, possibly due to an increased attentional focus on the aversive cues inherent in the stress induction leaving reduced attentional capacity for the driving task. These results suggest that stress may lead to riskier driving behaviour in individuals with fearful RST personality styles.

Impact and interest:

2 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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105 since deposited on 02 Oct 2012
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ID Code: 53928
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: reinforcement sensitivity theory, personality, Jackson-5, driving, stress, simulator
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.08.005
ISSN: 1873-3549
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Personality and Individual Differences. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Personality and Individual Differences, [VOL 54, ISSUE 1, (2013)] DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.08.005
Deposited On: 02 Oct 2012 10:31
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2014 21:54

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