QUT ePrints

Antioxidant supplementation reduces skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis

Strobel, Natalie, Peake, Jonathan, Matsumoto, Aya, Marsh, Susan, Coombes, Jeff S., & Wadley, Glenn (2011) Antioxidant supplementation reduces skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(6), pp. 1017-1024.

View at publisher

Abstract

Purpose: Exercise increases the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skeletal muscle, and athletes often consume antioxidant supplements in the belief they will attenuate ROS-related muscle damage and fatigue during exercise. However, exercise-induced ROS may regulate beneficial skeletal muscle adaptations, such as increased mitochondrial biogenesis. We therefore investigated the effects of long-term antioxidant supplementation with vitamin E and alpha-lipoic acid on changes in markers of mitochondrial biogenesis in the skeletal muscle of exercise-trained and sedentary rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: 1) sedentary control diet, 2) sedentary antioxidant diet, 3) exercise control diet, and 4) exercise antioxidant diet. Animals ran on a treadmill 4 d.wk(-1) at similar to 70% V (over dot)O(2max) for up to 90 min.d(-1) for 14 wk. Results: Consistent with the augmentation of skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and antioxidant defenses, after training there were significant increases in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor F coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1 alpha) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein, cytochrome C oxidase subunit IV (COX IV) and cytochrome C protein abundance, citrate synthase activity, Nfe2l2, and SOD2 protein (P < 0.05). Antioxidant supplementation reduced PGC-1 alpha mRNA, PGC-1 alpha and COX IV protein, and citrate synthase enzyme activity (P < 0.05) in both sedentary and exercise-trained rats. Conclusions: Vitamin E and alpha-lipoic acid supplementation suppresses skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis, regardless of training status.

Impact and interest:

35 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
29 citations in Web of Science®

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 54289
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: exercise, oxidative stress, antioxidants, mitochondrial biogenesis
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318203afa3
ISSN: 1530-0315 (online) 0195-9131 (print)
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Exercise Physiology (110602)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Coyright 2011 The American College of Sports Medicine
Deposited On: 25 Oct 2012 09:19
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2012 10:12

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page