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The effect of a high fat meal on postprandial arterial stiffness in men with obesity and type 2 diabetes

Phillips, Liza, Peake, Jonathan, Zhang, X, Hickman, Ingrid, Kolade, O, Sacre, Julian, Huang, BE, Simpson, P, Whitehead, Jon, Sharman, James E., Martin, Jennifer, & Prins, Johannes (2010) The effect of a high fat meal on postprandial arterial stiffness in men with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95(9), pp. 4455-4459.

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Abstract

Context: Postprandial dysmetabolism is emerging as an important cardiovascular risk factor. Augmentation index (AIx) is a measure of systemic arterial stiffness and independently predicts cardiovascular outcome. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a standardized high-fat meal on metabolic parameters and AIx in 1) lean, 2) obese nondiabetic, and 3) subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Design and Setting: Male subjects (lean, n = 8; obese, n = 10; and T2DM, n = 10) were studied for 6 h after a high-fat meal and water control. Glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and AIx (radial applanation tonometry) were measured serially to determine the incremental area under the curve (iAUC). Results: AIx decreased in all three groups after a high-fat meal. A greater overall postprandial reduction in AIx was seen in lean and T2DM compared with obese subjects (iAUC, 2251 +/- 1204, 2764 +/- 1102, and 1187 +/- 429% . min, respectively; P < 0.05). The time to return to baseline AIx was significantly delayed in subjects with T2DM (297 +/- 68 min) compared with lean subjects (161 +/- 88 min; P < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between iAUC AIx and iAUC triglycerides (r = 0.50; P < 0.05). Conclusions: Obesity is associated with an attenuated overall postprandial decrease in AIx. Subjects with T2DM have a preserved, but significantly prolonged, reduction in AIx after a high-fat meal. The correlation between AIx and triglycerides suggests that postprandial dysmetabolism may impact on vascular dynamics. The markedly different response observed in the obese subjects compared with those with T2DM was unexpected and warrants additional evaluation.

Impact and interest:

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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 54293
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: high fat meal, diabetes, metabolism, obesity, arterial stiffness
DOI: 10.1210/jc.2010-0413
ISSN: 1945-7197 (online) 0021-972X (print)
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Endocrinology (110306)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutritional Physiology (111103)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 by The Endocrine Society
Deposited On: 25 Oct 2012 14:11
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2012 11:01

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