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Retinal and choroidal thickness in myopic anisometropia

Vincent, Stephen, Collins, Michael J., Read, Scott A., & Carney, Leo G. (2012) Retinal and choroidal thickness in myopic anisometropia. In Proceedings of 90th Annual Meeting American Academy of Optometry, American Academy of Optometry, Phoenix, AZ. (In Press)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the foveal retinal thickness (RT) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (ChT) between the fellow eyes of myopic anisometropes.

METHODS: Twenty-two young (mean age 23 ± 5 years), healthy myopic anisometropes (≥ 1 D spherical equivalent [SEq] anisometropia) without amblyopia or strabismus were recruited. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was used to capture images of the retina and choroid. Customised software was used to register, align and average multiple foveal OCT B-Scan images from each subject in order to enhance image quality. Two independent masked observers then manually determined the RT and ChT at the centre of the fovea from each SD-OCT image, which were then averaged. Axial length was measured using optical low coherence biometry during relaxed accommodation.

RESULTS: The mean absolute SEq anisometropia was 1.74 ± 0.95 D and the mean interocular difference in axial length was 0.58 ± 0.41 mm. There was a strong correlation between SEq anisometropia and the interocular difference in axial length (r = 0.90, p < 0.001). Measures of RT and ChT were highly correlated between the two observers (r = 0.99 and 0.97 respectively) and in close agreement (mean inter-observer difference: RT 1.3 ± 2.2 µm, ChT 1.5 ± 13.7 µm). There was no significant difference in RT between the more (218 ± 18 µm) and less myopic eyes (215 ± 18 µm) (p > 0.05). However, the mean subfoveal ChT was significantly thinner in the more myopic eye (252 ± 46 µm) compared to the fellow, less myopic eye (286 ± 58 µm) (p < 0.001). There was a moderate correlation between the interocular difference in ChT and the interocular difference in axial length (r = -0.50, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Foveal RT was similar between the fellow eyes of myopic anisometropes; however, the subfoveal choroid was significantly thinner in the more myopic (longer) eye of our anisometropic cohort. The interocular difference in ChT correlated with the magnitude of axial anisometropia.

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ID Code: 54414
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: May be published in Optometry and Vision Science volume 89.
Keywords: Myopia - mechanisms, Choroid, Optical Coherence Tomography
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 please consult the authors
Deposited On: 30 Oct 2012 23:42
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2013 15:15

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