Sustainable water provision : challenges, alternative strategies and sources in the ERA of climate change

Lee, Shinyi, Yigitcanlar, Tan, Egodawatta, Prasanna, & Goonetilleke, Ashantha (2011) Sustainable water provision : challenges, alternative strategies and sources in the ERA of climate change. In Green Technologies : Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications. Information Science Reference, pp. 1768-1781.

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As a result of rapid urbanisation, population growth, changes in lifestyle, pollution and the impacts of climate change, water provision has become a critical challenge for planners and policy-makers. In the wake of increasingly difficult water provision and drought, the notion that freshwater is a finite and vulnerable resource is increasingly being realised. Many city administrations around the world are struggling to provide water security for their residents to maintain lifestyle and economic growth. This chapter reviews the global challenge of providing freshwater to sustain lifestyles and economic growth, and the contributing challenges of climate change, urbanisation, population growth and problems in rainfall distribution. The chapter proceeds to evaluate major alternatives to current water sources such as conservation, recycling and reclamation, and desalination. Integrated water resource management is briefly looked at to explore its role in complementing water provision. A comparative study on alternative resources is undertaken to evaluate their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and constraints, and the results are discussed.

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ID Code: 54468
Item Type: Book Chapter
Keywords: Water Security, Lifestyle, Economic Growth, Climate Change, Integrated Water Resource Management
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-472-1.ch714
ISBN: 9781609604738
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Information Science Reference
Deposited On: 01 Nov 2012 22:51
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2015 14:14

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