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The interaction between exercise, appetite and food intake : implications for weight control

King, Neil A., Horner, Katy, Hills, Andrew P., Byrne, Nuala M., Wood, Rachel E., Bryant, Eleanor, Caudwell, Phillipa, Finlayson, Graham, Gibbons, Catherine, Hopkins, Mark, Martins, Catia, & Blundell, John E. (2013) The interaction between exercise, appetite and food intake : implications for weight control. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 7(4), pp. 265-273.

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Abstract

Exercise could indirectly affect body weight by exerting changes on various components of appetite control, including nutrient and taste preferences, meal size and frequency, and the drive to eat. This review summarizes the evidence on how exercise affects appetite and eating behavior and in particular answers the question, “Does exercise induce an increase in food intake to compensate for the increase in energy expenditure?” Evidence will be presented to demonstrate that there is no automatic increase in food intake in response to acute exercise and that the response to repeated exercise is variable. The review will also identify areas of further study required to explain the variability. One limitation with studies that assess the efficacy of exercise as a method of weight control is that only mean data are presented—the individual variability tends to be overlooked. Recent evidence highlights the importance of characterizing the individual variability by demonstrating exercise-induced changes in appetite. Individuals who experience lower than theoretically predicted reductions in body weight can be characterized by hedonic (eg, pleasure) and homeostatic (eg, hunger) features.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 54481
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: exercise, appetite, food intake, body weight
DOI: 10.1177/1559827613475584
ISSN: 1559-8276
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified (111199)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 02 Nov 2012 09:20
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2013 19:27

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