Evaluation of screening tests for predicting older driver performance and safety assessed by an on-road test
Wood, Joanne M., Horswill, Mark S. , Lacherez, Philippe F., & Anstey, Kaarin J. (2013) Evaluation of screening tests for predicting older driver performance and safety assessed by an on-road test. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 50, pp. 1161-1168.
A number of tests and test batteries are available for the prediction of older driver safety, but many of these have not been validated against standardized driving outcome measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate a series of previously described screening tests in terms of their ability to predict the potential for safe and unsafe driving. Participants included 79 community-dwelling older drivers (M=72.16 years, SD=5.46; range 65-88 years; 57 males and 22 females) who completed a previously validated multi-disciplinary driving assessment, a hazard perception test, a hazard change detection test and a battery of vision and cognitive tests. Participants also completed a standardized on-road driving assessment. The multi-disciplinary test battery had the highest predictive ability with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 73%, followed by the hazard perception test which demonstrated a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 61%. These findings suggest that a relatively simple and practical battery of tests from a range of domains has the capacity to predict safe and unsafe driving in older adults.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Older drivers, Screening batteries, On-road driving assessment|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)|
|Divisions:||Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2012 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Accident Analysis and Prevention. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Accident Analysis and Prevention, Volume 50, (January 2013). DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.009|
|Deposited On:||08 Nov 2012 08:55|
|Last Modified:||04 Feb 2014 13:03|
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