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Quality of life detriments through self-reported swelling associated with gynaecological cancer

Hayes, S.C., Obermair, A. , Reul-Hirche, H. , Ward, L.C. , DiSipio, T., & Janda, M. (2012) Quality of life detriments through self-reported swelling associated with gynaecological cancer. Lymphology. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Background and aims: Lower-limb lymphoedema is a serious and feared sequela after treatment for gynaecological cancer. Given the limited prospective data on incidence of and risk factors for lymphoedema after treatment for gynaecological cancer we initiated a prospective cohort study in 2008.

    Methods: Data were available for 353 women with malignant disease. Participants were assessed before treatment and at regular intervals after treatment for two years. Follow-up visits were grouped into time-periods of six weeks to six months (time 1), nine months to 15 months (time 2), and 18 months to 24 months (time 3). Preliminary data analyses were undertaken up to time 2 using generalised estimating equations to model the repeated measures data of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) quality of life (QoL) scores and self-reported swelling at each follow-up period (best-fitting covariance structure).

    Results: Depending on the time-period, between 30% and 40% of patients self-reported swelling of the lower limb. The QoL of those with self-reported swelling was lower at all time-periods compared with those who did not have swelling. Mean (95% CI) FACT-G scores at time 0, 1 and 2 were 80.7 (78.2, 83.2), 83.0 (81.0, 85.0) and 86.3 (84.2, 88.4), respectively for those with swelling and 85.0 (83.0, 86.9), 86.0 (84.1, 88.0) and 88.9 (87.0, 90.7), respectively for those without swelling.

    Conclusions: Lower-limb swelling adversely influences QoL and change in QoL over time in patients with gynaecological cancer.

    Impact and interest:

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    ID Code: 54695
    Item Type: Other
    Additional URLs:
    Keywords: gynaecological cancer, quality of life, quality of life determinates, swelling, self report
    Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
    Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
    Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
    Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
    Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 International Society of Lymphology
    Deposited On: 15 Nov 2012 08:42
    Last Modified: 18 Nov 2012 16:28

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