Signal patterns of piston slap of a four-cylinder diesel engine
Lin, Tian Ran, Tan, Andy, Crosby, Peter, & Mathew, Joseph (2015) Signal patterns of piston slap of a four-cylinder diesel engine. In Lee, Wong Bang & Mathew, Joseph (Eds.) Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management, Springer London, Daejeon, Korea Republic, pp. 375-386.
This paper presents an experimental study on the vibration signal patterns associated with a simulated piston slap test of a four-cylinder diesel engine. It is found that a simulated worn-off piston results in an increase in vibration RMS peak amplitudes associated with the major mechanical events of the corresponding cylinder (i.e., inlet and exhaust valve closing and combustion of Cylinder 1). This then led to an increase of overall vibration amplitude of the time domain statistical features such as RMS, Crest Factor, Skewness and Kurtosis in all loading conditions. The simulated worn-off piston not only increased the impact amplitude of piston slap during the engine combustion, it also produced a distinct impulse response during the air induction stroke of the cylinder attributing to an increase of lateral impact force as a result of piston reciprocating motion and the increased clearance between the worn-off piston and the cylinder. The unique signal patterns of piston slap disclosed in this paper can be utilized to assist in the development of condition monitoring tools for automated diagnosis of similar diesel engine faults in practical applications.
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