A rep-based hairpin inhibits replication of diverse maize streak virus isolates in a transient assay

Owor, B. E., Martin, D. P., Rybicki, E. P., Thomson, J. A., Bezuidenhout, M. E., Lakay, F. M., & Shepherd, D. N. (2011) A rep-based hairpin inhibits replication of diverse maize streak virus isolates in a transient assay. Journal of General Virology, 92(10), pp. 2458-2465.

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Centre for High-Performance Computing, Rosebank, Cape Town, South Africa Maize streak disease, caused by the A strain of the African endemic geminivirus, maize streak mastrevirus (MSV-A), threatens the food security and livelihoods of subsistence farmers throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Using a well-established transient expression assay, this study investigated the potential of a spliceable-intron hairpin RNA (hpRNA) approach to interfere with MSV replication. Two strategies were explored: (i) an inverted repeat of a 662 bp region of the MSV replication-associated protein gene (rep), which is essential for virus replication and is therefore a good target for post-transcriptional gene silencing; and (ii) an inverted repeat of the viral long intergenic region (LIR), considered for its potential to trigger transcriptional silencing of the viral promoter region. After co-bombardment of cultured maize cells with each construct and an infectious partial dimer of the cognate virus genome (MSV-Kom), followed by viral replicativeform-specific PCR, it was clear that, whilst the hairpin rep construct (pHPrepDI662) completely inhibited MSV replication, the LIR hairpin construct was ineffective in this regard. In addition, pHPrepDI662 inhibited or reduced replication of six MSV-A genotypes representing the entire breadth of known MSV-A diversity. Further investigation by real-time PCR revealed that the pHPrepDI662 inverted repeat was 22-fold more effective at reducing virus replication than a construct containing the sense copy, whilst the antisense copy had no effect on replication when compared with the wild type. This is the first indication that an hpRNA strategy targeting MSV rep has the potential to protect transgenic. © 2011 SGM.

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ID Code: 54990
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 12 November 2012 Source: Scopus
DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.032862-0
Deposited On: 20 Nov 2012 02:46
Last Modified: 29 May 2013 16:55

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