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The relationship between unsafe working conditions and workers’ behavior and their impacts on injury severity in the U.S.

Chi, Seokho, Han, Sangwon, & Kim, Dae Young (2013) The relationship between unsafe working conditions and workers’ behavior and their impacts on injury severity in the U.S. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(7), pp. 826-838.

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Abstract

Unsafe acts of workers (e.g. misjudgment, inappropriate operation) become the major root causes of construction accidents when they are combined with unsafe working conditions (e.g. working surface conditions, weather) on a construction site. The overarching goal of the research presented in this paper is to explore ways to prevent unsafe acts of workers and reduce the likelihood of construction accidents occurring. The study specifically aims to

(1) understand the relationships between human behavior related and working condition related risk factors, (2) identify the significant behavior and condition factors and their impacts on accident types (e.g. struck by/against, caught in/between, falling, shock, inhalation/ingestion/absorption, respiratory failure) and injury severity (e.g. fatality, hospitalized, non-hospitalized), and (3) analyze the fundamental accident-injury relationship on how each accident type contributes to the injury severity.

The study reviewed 9,358 accidents which occurred in the U.S. construction industry between 2002 and 2011. The large number of accident samples supported reliable statistical analyses. The analysis identified a total of 17 significant correlations between behavior and condition factors and distinguished key risk factors that highly impacted on the determination of accident types and injury severity. The research outcomes will assist safety managers to control specific unsafe acts of workers by eliminating the associated unsafe working conditions and vice versa. They also can prioritize risk factors and pay more attention to controlling them in order to achieve a safer working environment.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 55044
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Construction safety, Degree of injury, Unsafe working conditions, Unsafe worker behavior
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000657
ISSN: 0733-9364
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers
Deposited On: 22 Nov 2012 08:49
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2013 22:29

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