The Impact of Indigenous status on adult sentencing : a review of the statistical research literature.
Jeffries, Samantha & Bond, Christine (2012) The Impact of Indigenous status on adult sentencing : a review of the statistical research literature. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 10(3), pp. 223-243.
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The gross overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in prison
populations suggests that sentencing may be a discriminatory
process. Using findings from recent (1991–2011) multivariate
statistical sentencing analyses from the United States, Canada, and Australia, we review the 3 key hypotheses advanced as plausible explanations for baseline sentencing discrepancies between Indigenous and non-Indigenous adult criminal defendants: (a) differential involvement, (b) negative discrimination, and (c) positive discrimination. Overall, the prior research shows strong support for the differential involvement thesis and some support for the discrimination theses (positive and negative). We argue that where discrimination is found, it may be explained by the lack of a more complete set of control variables in researchers’ multivariate models and/or differing political and social contexts.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Indigenous offenders, Sentencing, Discrimination , Differential involvement|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200) > Criminology not elsewhere classified (160299)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law|
Current > Schools > School of Justice
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2012 Routledge|
|Deposited On:||22 Nov 2012 16:40|
|Last Modified:||25 Nov 2012 15:56|
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