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The Impact of Indigenous status on adult sentencing : a review of the statistical research literature.

Jeffries, Samantha & Bond, Christine (2012) The Impact of Indigenous status on adult sentencing : a review of the statistical research literature. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 10(3), pp. 223-243.

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    Abstract

    The gross overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in prison populations suggests that sentencing may be a discriminatory process. Using findings from recent (1991–2011) multivariate statistical sentencing analyses from the United States, Canada, and Australia, we review the 3 key hypotheses advanced as plausible explanations for baseline sentencing discrepancies between Indigenous and non-Indigenous adult criminal defendants: (a) differential involvement, (b) negative discrimination, and (c) positive discrimination. Overall, the prior research shows strong support for the differential involvement thesis and some support for the discrimination theses (positive and negative). We argue that where discrimination is found, it may be explained by the lack of a more complete set of control variables in researchers’ multivariate models and/or differing political and social contexts.

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    2 citations in Scopus
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    ID Code: 55067
    Item Type: Journal Article
    Keywords: Indigenous offenders, Sentencing, Discrimination , Differential involvement
    DOI: 10.1080/15377938.2012.700830
    ISSN: 1537-7938
    Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200) > Criminology not elsewhere classified (160299)
    Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
    Current > Schools > School of Justice
    Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Routledge
    Deposited On: 22 Nov 2012 16:40
    Last Modified: 25 Nov 2012 15:56

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