Modification of the surfaces of Wyoming montmorillonite by the cationic surfactants alkyl trimethyl, dialkyl dimethyl and trialkyl methyl ammonium bromides
Frost, Ray L., Xi, Yunfei, & He, Hongping (2007) Modification of the surfaces of Wyoming montmorillonite by the cationic surfactants alkyl trimethyl, dialkyl dimethyl and trialkyl methyl ammonium bromides. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 305(1), pp. 150-158.
Surfaces of a Wyoming SWy-2 sodium montmorillonite were modified using microwave radiation through intercalation with the cationic surfactants octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide and methyltrioctadecylammonium bromide by an ion exchange mechanism. Changes in the surfaces and structure were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis (TG) and Infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Different configurations of surfactants within montmorillonite interlayer are proposed based on d(001) basal spacings. A range of surfactant molecular environments within the surface-modified montmorillonite are proposed based upon their thermal decomposition. IR spectroscopy using a smart endurance single bounce diamond attenuated total reflection (ATR) cell has been used to study the changes in the spectra of CH asymmetric and symmetric stretching modes of the surfactants to provide more information of the surfactant molecular configurations.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||This paper is one of a series of papers on the application of the adsorption of organic molecules on organocclays|
|Keywords:||surfactant, organoclay, montmorillonite, adsorption, surface modification|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2007 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||20 Nov 2006|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:36|
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