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Adsorption of hydrocarbons on organo-clays - implications for oil spill remediation

Frost, Ray L., Carmody, Onuma, Xi, Yunfei, & Kokot, Serge (2007) Adsorption of hydrocarbons on organo-clays - implications for oil spill remediation. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 305(1), pp. 17-24.

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Abstract

Organoclays synthesised by the ion exchange of sodium in Wyoming Na-Montmorillonite (SWy-2-MMT) with three surfactants octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (ODTMA) formula C21H46NBr b) didecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDDMA), formula C22H48BrN, and c) di(hydrogenated tallow)dimethylammonium chloride (tallow) were tested for hydrocarbon adsorption. Using diesel, hydraulic oil and engine oil an evaluation was made of the effectiveness of the sorbent materials for a range of hydrocarbon products that are likely to be involved in land-based oil spills. It was found that the hydrocarbon sorption capacity of the organo-clays depended upon the materials and surfactants used in the organoclay synthesis. Greater adsorption was obtained if the surfactant contained two or more hydrocarbon long chains. Extensive utilisation of chemometrics principally with the aid of MCDM methods, produced models which consistently ranked the organoclays well above any of the competitors including commercial benchmark materials. Thus the use of organo-clays for cleaning up oil spills is feasible due to its many desirable properties such as high hydrocarbon sorption and retention capacities, hydrophobicity. The negative effects of the use of organoclays for oil-spill cleanup are the cost, the biodegradability, and recyclability of the organo-clays

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ID Code: 5514
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Hydrocarbon adsorption, Oil spills, sorbents, organo, clays, chemometric analysis
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2006.09.032
ISSN: 0021-9797
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 20 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:36

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