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Experience of overseas-trained health professionals in rural and remote areas of destination countries: A literature review

Dywili, Sophia, Bonner, Ann, Anderson, Judith, & O'Brien, Louise (2012) Experience of overseas-trained health professionals in rural and remote areas of destination countries: A literature review. Australian Journal Of Rural Health, 20(4), pp. 175-184.

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Abstract

This study aimed to review and synthesise existing literature that investigated the experience of overseastrained health professionals (OTHPs) in rural and remote areas of destination countries. A systematic literature review was conducted using electronic databases and manual search of studies published from January 2004 to February 2011. Data were analysed from the final 17 original report articles that met the inclusion criteria. The reviewed research studies were conducted in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the USA. Overseas-trained medical practitioners were the most frequently researched (n = 14); two studies involved nurses and one study included several health professionals. Three main themes emerged from the review and these were: (i) expectations; (ii) cultural diversity; and (iii) orientation and integration to rural and remote health work environment. The OTHPs were expected to possess the appropriate professional and cultural skills while they themselves expected recognition of their previous experiences and adequate organisational orientation and support. A welcoming and accepting community coupled with a relaxed rural lifestyle and the joy of continued patient care resulted in successful integration and contributed to increased staff retention rates. Recognition of expectations and cultural diversity by all parties and comprehensive orientation with sufficient organisational support are important elements in the integration of OTHPs and subsequent delivery of quality health care to people living in rural and remote areas.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 55306
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: cultural diversity, expectation, integration, orientation, overseas-trained
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2012.01281.x
ISSN: 1440-1584
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified (111799)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 The Authors and Wiley-Blackwell
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Deposited On: 06 Dec 2012 08:54
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2012 16:54

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