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Biology or behavior : which is the strongest contributor to weight gain?

Byrne, Nuala M. & Hills, Andrew P. (2013) Biology or behavior : which is the strongest contributor to weight gain? Current Obesity Reports, 2(1), pp. 65-76.

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Abstract

Combating unhealthy weight gain is a major public health and clinical management issue. The extent of research into the etiology and pathophysiology of obesity has produced a wealth of evidence regarding the contributing factors. While aspects of the environment are ‘obesogenic’, weight gain is not inevitable for every individual. What then explains potentially unhealthy weight gain in individuals living within an environment where others remain lean? In this paper we explore the biological compensation that acts in response to a reduced energy intake by reducing energy needs, in order to defend against weight loss. We then examine the evidence that there is only a weak biological compensation to surplus energy supply, and that this allows behavior to drive weight gain. The extent to which biology impacts behavior is also considered.

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ID Code: 55328
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: weight gain, obesity, determinants, metabolism, behaviour
DOI: 10.1007/s13679-012-0040-9
ISSN: 2162-4968
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified (110699)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutritional Physiology (111103)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY (111600) > Systems Physiology (111603)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 05 Dec 2012 11:11
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2014 15:09

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