Volume-dependent response of precooling for intermittent-sprint exercise in the heat

Minett, Geoffrey M., Duffield, Rob, Marino, Frank E., & Portus, Marc (2011) Volume-dependent response of precooling for intermittent-sprint exercise in the heat. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(9), pp. 1760-1769.

View at publisher


Purpose: To assess the effects of pre-cooling volume on neuromuscular function and performance in free-paced intermittent-sprint exercise in the heat.

Methods: Ten male, teamsport athletes completed four randomized trials involving an 85-min free-paced intermittentsprint exercise protocol in 33°C±33% relative humidity. Pre-cooling sessions included whole body (WB), head+hand (HH), head (H) and no cooling (CONT), applied for 20-min pre-exercise and 5-min mid exercise. Maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) were assessed pre- and postintervention and mid- and post-exercise. Exercise performance was assessed with sprint times, % decline and distances covered during free-paced bouts. Measures of core(Tc) and skin (Tsk) temperatures, heart rate, perceptual exertion and thermal stress were monitored throughout. Venous and capillary blood was analyzed for metabolite, muscle damage and inflammatory markers.

Results: WB pre-cooling facilitated the maintenance of sprint times during the exercise protocol with reduced % decline (P=0.04). Mean and total hard running distances increased with pre cooling 12% compared to CONT (P<0.05), specifically, WB was 6-7% greater than HH (P=0.02) and H (P=0.001) respectively. No change was evident in mean voluntary or evoked force pre- to post-exercise with WB and HH cooling (P>0.05). WB and HH cooling reduced Tc by 0.1-0.3°C compared to other conditions (P<0.05). WB Tsk was suppressed for the entire session(P=0.001). HR responses following WB cooling were reduced(P=0.05; d=1.07) compared to CONT conditions during exercise.

Conclusion: A relationship between pre-cooling volume and exercise performance seems apparent, as larger surface area coverage augmented subsequent free-paced exercise capacity, in conjunction with greater suppression of physiological load. Maintenance of MVC with pre-cooling, despite increased work output suggests the role of centrally-mediated mechanisms in exercise pacing regulation and subsequent performance.

Impact and interest:

33 citations in Scopus
32 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

354 since deposited on 10 Dec 2012
41 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 55354
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: precooling, thermoregulation, team-sports, heat stress, fatigue
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318211be3e
ISSN: 0195-9131
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 The American College of Sports Medicine
Deposited On: 10 Dec 2012 05:12
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2012 05:16

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page