The Multidimensional Loss Scale : validating a cross cultural instrument for measuring loss in Burmese refugees

Vromans, Lyn, Schweitzer, Robert D., & Brough, Mark K. (2012) The Multidimensional Loss Scale : validating a cross cultural instrument for measuring loss in Burmese refugees. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 200(4), pp. 349-357.

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Abstract

The Multidimensional Loss Scale: Initial Development and Psychometric Evaluation The Multidimensional Loss Scale (MLS) represents the first instrument designed specifically to measure loss in refugee populations. Researchers developed initial items of the Multidimensional Loss Scale to assess Experience of Loss Events and Loss Distress in a culturally sensitive manner across multiple domains (social, material, intra-personal and cultural). A sample of 70 recently settled Burmese adult refugees completed a battery of questionnaires, including new scale items. Analyses explored the scale’s factor structure, internal consistency, convergent validity and divergent validity. Principal Axis Factoring supported a five-factor model: Loss of Symbolic Self, Loss of Interdependence, Loss of Home, Interpersonal Loss, and Loss of Intrapersonal Integrity. Chronbach’s Alphas indicated satisfactory internal consistency for Experience of Loss Events (.85) and Loss Distress (.92). Convergent and divergent validity of Loss Distress were supported by moderate correlations with interpersonal grief and trauma symptoms and weak correlations with depression and anxiety. The new scale was well received by people from refugee backgrounds and shows promise for application in future research and practice

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ID Code: 55456
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Loss, Measurement, Reliability, Burmese, Refugee, Multicultural assessment
DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31824cc458
ISSN: 0022-3018
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Past > Schools > Social Work & Human Services
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Deposited On: 11 Dec 2012 00:43
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 21:51

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