Comparing primary heroin and primary amphetamine users’ knowledge of withdrawal and treatment options in inner metropolitan Brisbane, Australia

Howick, Guy A. & Sullivan, Karen A. (2003) Comparing primary heroin and primary amphetamine users’ knowledge of withdrawal and treatment options in inner metropolitan Brisbane, Australia. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 10(4), pp. 385-393.

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The present study compared knowledge of withdrawal and treatment services among 12 primary heroin injectors (PHIs) and 14 primary amphetamine injectors (PAIs). Assessment of knowledge about withdrawal and treatment was made using the Withdrawal Knowledge Questionnaire (WKQ). Results showed that, on average, knowledge about withdrawal differed depending on the drug used. Specifically, regular amphetamine users knew less about withdrawal from amphetamine, than regular heroin users knew about withdrawal from heroin. In addition, amphetamine users appeared to underestimate the likely length of amphetamine withdrawal. There was no difference between regular amphetamine and regular heroin users' knowledge of available treatment services, such that both groups knew where to seek assistance for detoxification and rehabilitation. However, both user groups shared some important misconceptions about withdrawal, suggesting a clear need for improved dissemination of educational resources among inner metropolitan intravenous drug users, emphasizing the length and severity of amphetamine withdrawal and the risks associated with excessive self-medication of withdrawal symptoms.

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ID Code: 5549
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Amphetamines, heroin, injecting drug use, treatment, amphetamine withdrawal, amphetamine symptoms, heroin withdrawal, heroin symptoms
DOI: 10.1080/0968763031000114065
ISSN: 1465-3370
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: First published in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy 10(4):pp. 385-393.
Deposited On: 23 Nov 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 12:58

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