Network interactions and performance of a multi-function IEC 61850 process bus

Ingram, David M.E., Schaub, Pascal, Taylor, Richard R., & Campbell, Duncan A. (2012) Network interactions and performance of a multi-function IEC 61850 process bus. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 60(12), pp. 5933-5942.

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Abstract

New substation technology, such as non-conventional instrument transformers,and a need to reduce design and construction costs, are driving the adoption of Ethernet based digital process bus networks for high voltage substations. Protection and control applications can share a process bus, making more efficient use of the network infrastructure. This paper classifies and defines performance requirements for the protocols used in a process bus on the basis of application. These include GOOSE, SNMP and IEC 61850-9-2 sampled values. A method, based on the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) and virtual local area networks, is presented that separates management and monitoring traffic from the rest of the process bus. A quantitative investigation of the interaction between various protocols used in a process bus is described. These tests also validate the effectiveness of the MSTP based traffic segregation method. While this paper focusses on a substation automation network, the results are applicable to other real-time industrial networks that implement multiple protocols. High volume sampled value data and time-critical circuit breaker tripping commands do not interact on a full duplex switched Ethernet network, even under very high network load conditions. This enables an efficient digital network to replace a large number of conventional analog connections between control rooms and high voltage switchyards.

Impact and interest:

20 citations in Scopus
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12 citations in Web of Science®

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520 since deposited on 12 Dec 2012
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ID Code: 55504
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Ethernet networks, IEC 61850, industrial networks, performance evaluation, process bus, protective relaying, smart grid, spanning tree, substation automation
DOI: 10.1109/TIE.2012.2233701
ISSN: 0278-0046
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power) (090607)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified (090699)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > TECHNOLOGY (100000) > COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES (100500) > Computer Communications Networks (100503)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright IEEE 2012
Deposited On: 12 Dec 2012 00:20
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2014 09:27

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