Optimal planning of electric-vehicle charging stations in distribution systems

Liu, Zhipeng, Wen, Fushuan, & Ledwich, Gerard (2012) Optimal planning of electric-vehicle charging stations in distribution systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, -(99).

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With the progressive exhaustion of fossil energy and the enhanced awareness of environmental protection, more attention is being paid to electric vehicles (EVs). Inappropriate siting and sizing of EV charging stations could have negative effects on the development of EVs, the layout of the city traffic network, and the convenience of EVs' drivers, and lead to an increase in network losses and a degradation in voltage profiles at some nodes. Given this background, the optimal sites of EV charging stations are first identified by a two-step screening method with environmental factors and service radius of EV charging stations considered. Then, a mathematical model for the optimal sizing of EV charging stations is developed with the minimization of total cost associated with EV charging stations to be planned as the objective function and solved by a modified primal-dual interior point algorithm (MPDIPA). Finally, simulation results of the IEEE 123-node test feeder have demonstrated that the developed model and method cannot only attain the reasonable planning scheme of EV charging stations, but also reduce the network loss and improve the voltage profile.

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77 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 55550
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Distributed systems, Electric vehicle (EV), Primal-dual interior point algorithm, Service radius, Siting and sizing
DOI: 10.1109/TPWRD.2012.2223489
ISSN: 0885-8977
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power) (090607)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 12 Dec 2012 00:45
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2013 15:22

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