Bismuth in interplanetary dust
Mackinnon, Ian D.R. & Rietmeijer, Frans J.M. (1984) Bismuth in interplanetary dust. Nature, 311(5982), pp. 135-138.
Samples of a large (~60 µm) chondritic porous (CP) aggregate collected from the stratosphere have been analysed in detail by analytical electron microscopy (AEM). Previous studies of CP aggregates have shown that they are extraterrestrial in origin1–3 and may be related to cometary debris4. CP aggregates are dissimilar to C1 and C2 carbonaceous chondrite matrices and many have not been significantly altered by thermal or radiation processes since their assembly5. We report here a high concentration of Bi2O3 grains within the large CP aggregate designated W7029* A (~60 µm) and suggest they formed by rapid heating (~300 °C) of elemental Bi grains within the aggregate during atmospheric entry. We examine the possibilities for terrestrial Bi contamination of CP aggregate W7029* A but judge them unlikely. Enrichment of elemental Bi within components of extraterrestrial materials is consistent with a nebula condensation model6 and implies that Bi within CP aggregate W7029* A may have formed at a late stage of the condensation process.
Impact and interest:
Citation counts are sourced monthly from and citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||GeoRef, Copyright 2009, American Geological Institute.
|Keywords:||bismuth, carbonaceous chondrites, cosmochemistry, geochemistry, interplanetary dust, interplanetary space, metals, meteorites, SEM data, solar nebula, stony meteorites, stratosphere, TEM data|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > GEOLOGY (040300) > Extraterrestrial Geology (040302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > GEOLOGY (040300) > Mineralogy and Crystallography (040306)
|Divisions:||Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments|
|Deposited On:||30 Jan 2013 23:19|
|Last Modified:||07 Feb 2013 03:25|
Repository Staff Only: item control page