Suitable stiffening systems for LiteSteel beams with web openings subjected to shear
Abstract: LiteSteel beam (LSB) is a new cold-formed steel hollow flange channel section produced using a simultaneous cold-forming and dual electric resistance welding process. It is commonly used as floor joists and bearers with web openings in residential, industrial and commercial buildings. Their shear strengths are considerably reduced when web openings are included for the purpose of locating building services. A cost effective method of eliminating the detrimental effects of a large web opening is to attach suitable stiffeners around the web openings of LSBs. Experimental and numerical studies were undertaken to investigate the shear behaviour and strength of LSBs with circular web openings reinforced using plate, stud, transverse and sleeve stiffeners with varying sizes and thicknesses. Both welding and varying screw-fastening arrangements were used to attach these stiffeners to the web of LSBs. Finite element models of LSBs with stiffened web openings in shear were developed to simulate their shear behaviour and strength of LSBs. They were then validated by comparing the results with experimental test results and used in a detailed parametric study. These studies have shown that plate stiffeners were the most suitable, however, their use based on the current American standards was found to be inadequate. Suitable screw-fastened plate stiffener arrangements with optimum thicknesses have been proposed for LSBs with web openings to restore their original shear capacity. This paper presents the details of the numerical study and the results.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||LiteSteel beam, Web openings, Finite element analysis, Shear strength, Plate stiffener, LSB stud stiffener, Sleeve stiffener, Transverse stiffener, Hollow flanges, Cold-formed steel structures|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright Elsevier 2013|
|Deposited On:||21 Dec 2012 01:12|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2013 00:04|
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