Subacute effects of ecstasy on mood : an exploration of associated risk factors

Scott, Rebecca M., Hides, Leanne, Allen , J. Sabura, & Lubman, Dan I. (2013) Subacute effects of ecstasy on mood : an exploration of associated risk factors. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 27(1), pp. 53-61.

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Ecstasy use may result in lowered mood, anxiety or aggression in the days following use. Yet, few studies have investigated what factors increase the risk of experiencing such symptoms. Ecstasy users (at least once in the last 12 months) who subsequently took ecstasy (n=35) over the next week, were compared on measures of mood, sleep, stress and drug use, with those who abstained (n=21) that week. Measures were administered the week prior to ecstasy use and 1 and 3 days following use, or the equivalent day for abstainers. Mood symptoms were assessed using the Kessler-10 self-report psychological distress scale, a subjective mood rating (1-10), and the depression, anxiety and hostility items of the clinician-rated Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Timeline followback methods were used to collect information on drug use and life stress in the past month. Self-reported sleep quality was also assessed. Ecstasy use was not associated with subacute depressive, anxiety or aggressive symptoms. Rather, lowered mood and increased psychological distress were associated with self-reported hours and quality of sleep obtained during the 3-day follow up. These findings highlight the importance of considering sleep disruption in understanding the short-term mood effects of ecstasy use.

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ID Code: 56123
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Ecstasy, Mood, Prospective, Risk factors, Sleep, Subacute
DOI: 10.1177/0269881112463467
ISSN: 0269-8811
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Sage Publications.
Deposited On: 08 Jan 2013 05:14
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2014 12:32

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