A simplified screening test for identifying people with low vision in developing countries

Keeffe, Jill E., Lovie-Kitchin, Jan E., Maclean, Hector, & Taylor, Hugh R. (1996) A simplified screening test for identifying people with low vision in developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 74(5), pp. 525-532.


Simple but effective tests have been produced for screening subjects with low vision in developing countries. These tests of distance and near vision, based on the E test, were evaluated and validated in trials with people aged 4 - 90 years, and have been field tested in the health, education and rehabilitation services in 32 developing countries. Their sensitivity and specificity as screening tools for low vision have been calculated: sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 96% for the distance vision test, and sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 84% for the near vision test. The content and format of the tests have been demonstrated to be appropriate for developing countries, and their effectiveness for screening for low vision has been confirmed.

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19 citations in Scopus
17 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 5643
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: The contents of this journal can be freely accessed online via the journal's web page (see link). Author contact details: j.lovie-kitchin@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
ISSN: 0042-9686
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1996 World Health Organization
Deposited On: 01 Dec 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:47

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