How do older adults respond to Active Australia physical activity questions? Lessons from cognitive interviews

Heesch, Kristiann, van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z., & Brown, Wendy J. (2014) How do older adults respond to Active Australia physical activity questions? Lessons from cognitive interviews. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 22(1), pp. 74-86.

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The aim of this study was to examine older adults’ understanding and interpretation of a validated questionnaire for physical activity surveillance, the Active Australia Survey (AAS). To address this aim, cognitive interviewing techniques were used during face-to-face semi-structured interviews with 44 adults aged 65-89 years. Qualitative data analysis revealed that participants were confused with questionnaire phrasing, misunderstood the scope of activities to include in answers, and misunderstood the time frame of activities to report. They also struggled to accurately estimate the frequency and duration of their activities. Our findings suggest that AAS questions may be interpreted differently by older adults than intended by survey developers. Findings also suggest that older adults use a range of methods for calculating PA frequency and duration. The issues revealed in this study may be useful for adapting AAS for use in older community-dwelling adults.

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1 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 56456
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: physical activity, exercise, qualitative methods, aged, elderly, questionnaire, survey
DOI: 10.1123/JAPA.2012-0175
ISSN: 1543-267X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 17 Jan 2013 03:09
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2014 23:22

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