Chlamydia pneumoniae : modern insights into an ancient pathogen

Roulis, Eileen, Polkinghorne, Adam, & Timms, Peter (2012) Chlamydia pneumoniae : modern insights into an ancient pathogen. Trends In Microbiology, 21(3), pp. 120-128.

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Abstract

Chlamydia pneumoniae is an enigmatic human and animal pathogen. Originally discovered in association with acute human respiratory disease, it is now associated with a remarkably wide range of chronic diseases as well as having a cosmopolitan distribution within the animal kingdom. Molecular typing studies suggest that animal strains are ancestral to human strains and that C. pneumoniae crossed from animals to humans as the result of at least one relatively recent zoonotic event. Whole genome analyses appear to support this concept – the human strains are highly conserved whereas the single animal strain that has been fully sequenced has a larger genome with several notable differences. When compared to the other, better known chlamydial species that is implicated in human infection, Chlamydia trachomatis, C. pneumoniae demonstrates pertinent differences in its cell biology, development, and genome structure. Here, we examine the characteristic facets of C. pneumoniae biology, offering insights into the diversity and evolution of this silent and ancient pathogen.

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25 citations in Scopus
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24 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 56637
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Chlamydia pneumoniae, infection, genomics, cell biology, human, zoonosis
DOI: 10.1016/j.tim.2012.10.009
ISSN: 0966-842X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Elsevier.
Deposited On: 23 Jan 2013 04:59
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2013 14:33

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