Numerical study of impact forces on railway sleepers under wheel flat

Bian, J., Gu, Y., & Murray, M. (2013) Numerical study of impact forces on railway sleepers under wheel flat. Advances in Structural Engineering, 16(1), pp. 127-134.

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Wheel-rail interaction is one of the most important research topics in railway engineering. It includes track vibration, track impact response and safety of the track. Track structure failures caused by impact forces can lead to significant economic loss for track owners through damage to rails and to the sleepers beneath. The wheel-rail impact forces occur because of imperfections on the wheels or rails such as wheel flats, irregular wheel profile, rail corrugation and differences in the height of rails connected at a welded joint. The vehicle speed and static wheel load are important factors of the track design, because they are related to the impact forces under wheel-rail defects. In this paper, a 3-Dimensional finite element model for the study of wheel flat impact is developed by use of the FEA software package ANSYS. The effects of the wheel flat to impact force on sleepers with various speeds and static wheel loads under a critical wheel flat size are investigated. It has found that both wheel-rail impact force and impact force on sleeper induced by wheel flat are varying nonlinearly by increasing the vehicle speed; both impact forces are nonlinearly and monotonically increasing by increasing the static wheel load. The relationships between both of impact forces induced by wheel flat and vehicles speed or static load are important to the track engineers to improve the design and maintenance methods in railway industry.

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5 citations in Scopus
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4 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 56690
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: wheel flat, finite element analysis, impact force, concrete sleeper, ANSYS
ISSN: 2048-4011
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd.
Deposited On: 30 Jan 2013 04:04
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2015 19:48

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