Emerging work practice with a telehealth stethoscope
Kraal, Ben J., Popovic, Vesna, & Beaver, Shayne (2012) Emerging work practice with a telehealth stethoscope. In Farrell, Vivienne, Farrell, Graham, Chua, Caslon, Huang, Weidong, & Vasa, Raj (Eds.) Proceedings of Australasian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction (OZCHI 2012) (24th) : Integration, Interaction, Innovation, Immersion, Inclusion, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), Melbourne, Australia, pp. 308-317.
We investigated the collaboration of ten doctor-nurse pairs with a prototype digital telehealth stethoscope. Doctors could see and hear the patient but could not touch them or the stethoscope. The nurse in each pair controlled the stethoscope. For ethical reasons, an experimenter stood in for a patient. Each of the ten interactions was video recorded and analysed to understand the interaction and collaboration between the doctor and nurse. The video recordings were coded and transformed into maps of interaction that were analysed for patterns of activity. The analysis showed that as doctors and nurses became more experienced at using the telehealth stethoscope their collaboration was more effective. The main measure of effectiveness was the number of corrections in stethoscope placement required by the doctor. In early collaborations, the doctors gave many corrections. After several trials, each doctor and nurse had reduced corrections and all pairs reduced their corrections. The significance of this research is the identification of the qualities of effective collaboration in the use of the telehealth stethoscope and telehealth systems more generally.
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