Measurement of alcohol craving

Kavanagh, David J., Statham, Dixie J., Feeney, Gerald F.X., Young, Ross McD., May, Jon, Andrade, Jackie, & Connor, Jason (2013) Measurement of alcohol craving. Addictive Behaviors, 38, pp. 1572-1584.

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Abstract

Despite considerable research activity and application in treatment, the construct of craving remains poorly understood. We propose that cravings and urges are cognitive–emotional events in time, characterised by frequency, duration, intensity and salience. Commonly used measures of alcohol craving are reviewed, and their strengths and weaknesses identified. Most measures confound craving with behaviours, or with separable cognitive phenomena such as expectancies, intentions, or perceived behavioural control. These confounds have limited our advances in understanding the determinants and consequences of craving. Based on the criteria applied in this review, among the better performing multi-item measures are the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale and Obsessive subscale of the Obsessive–Compulsive Drinking Scale. Optimal assessment strategies are likely to involve daily assessments of peak intensity of cravings, desires or urges and of the frequency and duration of craving episodes. Of particular interest are measures of intensity at times when individuals are at risk of drinking or of other functional impacts from craving.

Impact and interest:

27 citations in Scopus
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26 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 56721
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: alcohol, craving, measurement, assessment, psychometric
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.08.004
ISSN: 1873-6327
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Psychological Methodology Design and Analysis (170110)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 31 Jan 2013 02:29
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2013 21:37

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