Craving as a predictor of treatment outcomes in heavy drinkers with comorbid depressed mood

Connolly, Jennifer M., Kavanagh, David J., Baker, Amanda, Kay-Lambkin, Frances, Lewin, Terry, Davis, Penelope, & Quek, Lake-Hui (2013) Craving as a predictor of treatment outcomes in heavy drinkers with comorbid depressed mood. Addictive Behaviors, 38(2), pp. 1585-1592.

View at publisher


Alcohol and depression comorbidity is high and is associated with poorer outcomes following treatment. The ability to predict likely treatment response would be advantageous for treatment planning. Craving has been widely studied as a potential predictor, but has performed inconsistently. The effect of comorbid depression on craving's predictive performance however, has been largely neglected, despite demonstrated associations between negative affect and craving. The current study examined the performance of craving, measured pretreatment using the Obsessive subscale of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale, in predicting 18-week and 12-month post-treatment alcohol use outcomes in a sample of depressed drinkers. Data for the current study were collected during a randomized controlled trial (Baker, Kavanagh, Kay-Lambkin, Hunt, Lewin, Carr, & Connolly, 2010) comparing treatments for comorbid alcohol and depression. A subset of 260 participants from that trial with a Timeline Followback measure of alcohol consumption was analyzed. Pre-treatment craving was a significant predictor of average weekly alcohol consumption at 18 weeks and of frequency of alcohol binges at 18 weeks and 12months, but pre-treatment depressive mood was not predictive, and effects of Baseline craving were independent of depressive mood. Results suggest a greater ongoing risk from craving than from depressive mood at Baseline.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
8 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

184 since deposited on 31 Jan 2013
17 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 56725
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: craving, prediction, post-treatment, alcohol, depression, comorbidity
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.06.003
ISSN: 0306-4603
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: © Copyright 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 31 Jan 2013 06:45
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2017 10:04

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page