Application of a digital elevation model for flood modeling for the Pagsangaan River in Leyte

Neussner, Olaf, Obermaier, Irmgard , & Sanchez, Adriana (2012) Application of a digital elevation model for flood modeling for the Pagsangaan River in Leyte. In 1st Philippine Geomatics Symposium, 23-24 November 2012, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines .

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Abstract

Flood related scientific and community-based data are rarely systematically collected and analysed in the Philippines. Over the last decades the Pagsangaan River Basin, Leyte, has experienced several flood events. However, documentation describing flood characteristics such as extent, duration or height of these floods are close to non-existing. To address this issue, computerized flood modelling was used to reproduce past events where there was data available for at least partial calibration and validation. The model was also used to provide scenario-based predictions based on A1B climate change assumptions for the area. The most important input for flood modelling is a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the river basin. No accurate topographic maps or Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR)-generated data are available for the Pagsangaan River. Therefore, the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Digital Elevation Map (GDEM), Version 1, was chosen as the DEM. Although the horizontal spatial resolution of 30 m is rather desirable, it contains substantial vertical errors. These were identified, different correction methods were tested and the resulting DEM was used for flood modelling. The above mentioned data were combined with cross-sections at various strategic locations of the river network, meteorological records, river water level, and current velocity to develop the 1D-2D flood model. SOBEK was used as modelling software to create different rainfall scenarios, including historic flooding events. Due to the lack of scientific data for the verification of the model quality, interviews with local stakeholders served as the gauge to judge the quality of the generated flood maps. According to interviewees, the model reflects reality more accurately than previously available flood maps. The resulting flood maps are now used by the operations centre of a local flood early warning system for warnings and evacuation alerts. Furthermore these maps can serve as a basis to identify flood hazard areas for spatial land use planning purposes.

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ID Code: 56829
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: digital elevation model, correction methods, river flood model, ASTER GDEM
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > Research Centres > Sustainable Built Environment National Research Centre
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 (please consult the authors).
Deposited On: 04 Feb 2013 04:17
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2013 10:21

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