Curing kinetics and thermomechanical behaviour of co-anhydride cured aminoglycidyl epoxy resins

Rocks, Jens, George, Graeme A., & Vohwinkel, Frederich (2003) Curing kinetics and thermomechanical behaviour of co-anhydride cured aminoglycidyl epoxy resins. Polymer International, 52(11), pp. 1758-1766.

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Curing behaviour and thermo-mechanical properties of a technical grade of N,N,N’,N’-tetraglycidyl-4,4’-diamino-diphenylmethane (TGDDM-Araldite MY721), cured in the presence of an anhydride hardener mixture consisting of maleic anhydride (MA) and pyromellitic acid dianhydride (PMDA) was studied by calorimetric and dynamic mechanical analysis. Cure kinetics and the influence of varying stoichiometric anhydride to epoxy ratios were evaluated and the apparent activation energy was calculated according to Barrett’s method. High extents of conversion from DSC studies of the MY721-resin were reached after a room temperature cure, without an added catalyst, for 24 hours followed by a post-curing step of 1 hour at 90°C. Ultimate glass transition temperatures for the molar anhydride/epoxy ratio, r=0.8 were close to the decomposition temperature and indications were obtained that the network structure consists of two independent sub-networks. It is suggested that two separate mechanisms contribute to the curing reaction at room temperature. First the tertiary amine structure, intrinsic to aminoglycidyl-resins, may act as an internal catalyst for the anhydride ring opening, and secondly, the unsaturated bond of MA participates in the curing reaction by nucleophilic attack, such as from tertiary amines or carboxylate or alkoxide anions. From a study of a range of different amino-glycidyl resins, this low-temperature curing behaviour is found to be a general phenomenon.

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15 citations in Scopus
13 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 57
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Epoxy, Anhydride Curing, Low Temperature Curing Networks, Inhomogeneous Networks
DOI: 10.1002/pi.1286
ISSN: 0959-8103
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > MACROMOLECULAR AND MATERIALS CHEMISTRY (030300) > Physical Chemistry of Materials (030304)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons
Copyright Statement: The definite version is available on publication at
Deposited On: 14 Mar 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:02

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