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Tissue engineering for bone regeneration using differentiated alveolar bone cells in collagen scaffolds

Xiao, Yin, Qian, Hong, Young, William G., & Bartold, P. Mark (2003) Tissue engineering for bone regeneration using differentiated alveolar bone cells in collagen scaffolds. Tissue Engineering, 9(6), pp. 1167-1177.

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Abstract

Regeneration of osseous defects by a tissue-engineering approach provides a novel means of treatment utilizing cell biology, materials science, and molecular biology. In this study the concept of tissue engineering was tested with collagen type I matrices seeded with cells with osteogenic potential and implanted into sites where osseous damage had occurred. Explant cultures of cells from human alveolar bone and gingiva were established. When seeded into a three-dimensional type I collagenbased scaffold, the bone-derived cells maintained their osteoblastic phenotype as monitored by mRNA and protein levels of the bone-related proteins including bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, osteopontin, bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4, and alkaline phosphatase. These in vitro-developed matrices were implanted into critical-size bone defects in skulls of immunodeficient (SCID) mice. Wound healing was monitored for up to 4 weeks. When measured by microdensitometry the bone density within defects filled with osteoblast-derived matrix was significantly higher compared with defects filled with either collagen scaffold alone or collagen scaffold impregnated with gingival fibroblasts. New bone formation was found at all the sites treated with the osteoblast-derived matrix at 28 days, whereas no obvious new bone formation was identified at the same time point in the control groups. In situ hybridization for the human-specific Alu gene sequence indicated that the newly formed bone tissue resulted from both transplanted human osteoblasts and endogenous mesenchymal stem cells. The results indicate that cells derived from human alveolar bone can be incorporated into bioengineered scaffolds and synthesize a matrix, which on implantation can induce new bone formation.

Impact and interest:

67 citations in Scopus
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61 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 5711
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: yin.xiao@qut.edu.au
Keywords: Bone regeneration, collagen scaffolds, Bone cell differentiation
DOI: 10.1089/10763270360728071
ISSN: 1076-3279
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY (060100)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Deposited On: 25 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:20

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