Modulating effect of serum on the stimulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 production in human gingival fibroblasts by lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1b
Xiao, Yin & Bartold, P. Mark (2004) Modulating effect of serum on the stimulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 production in human gingival fibroblasts by lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1b. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 6(3), pp. 81-88.
Objective: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2) is an important counter proteolysis factor which helps protect tissues from inflammatory stress. The expression of PAI-2 can be modulated by various inflammatory stimulants and mediators. The aim of the present study was to investigate how serum factors, might modulate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interleukin-1b on PAI-2 production by human gingival fibroblasts. Methods: Human gingival fibroblasts were exposed to LPS derived from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans or Escherichia coli and a commercial source of interleukin-1b (IL-1b). The expression of PAI-2 and its mRNA was monitored by Western blotting, RT-PCR, and Northern blotting. Results: The results showed that the distribution of PAI-2 synthesised by human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) was mostly as an intracellular protein (47kDa). The presence of serum in the culture media was absolutely necessary for both the secretion of PAI-2 and for the effect of the inflammatory mediators (LPS and IL-1b). A pattern of PAI-2 response in HGF after LPS stimulation was detected with a quick up-regulation of the PAI-2 mRNA, which was down regulated when extracellular PAI-2 (60kDa mass) levels reached plateau levels. The synthesis of PAI-2 by HGF, in terms of mRNA expression and protein synthesis, was more sensitive to stimulation with lower concentrations of LPS (10ng/ml) than with higher LPS concentrations. Conclusions: PAI-2 is a serum dependent molecule with major cytosolic localisation in HGF. Its cellular accumulation and secretion can be modulated by bacterial LPS and IL-1b through serum factors.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: email@example.com|
|Keywords:||Plasminogen activator inhibitor 2, human gingival fibroblast, inflammation, periodontal disease|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY (060100)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology|
|Deposited On:||25 Jul 2007 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:20|
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