Integrated TEM, XRD and electron-microprobe investigation of mixed-layer chlorite smectite from the Point-Sal ophiolite, California
Bettison Varga, L., Mackinnon, Ian D. R., & Schiffman, P. (1991) Integrated TEM, XRD and electron-microprobe investigation of mixed-layer chlorite smectite from the Point-Sal ophiolite, California. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 9(6), pp. 697-710.
Five basalt samples from the Point Sal ophiolite, California, were examined using HRTEM and AEM in order to compare observations with interpretations of XRD patterns and microprobe analyses. XRD data from ethylene-glycol-saturated samples indicate the following percentages of chlorite in mixed-layer chlorite-smectite identified for each specimen: (i) L2036 almost-equal-to 50%, (ii) L2035 almost-equal-to 70 and 20%, (iii) 1A-13 almost-equal-to 70%, (iv) 1B-42 almost-equal-to 70%, and (v) 1B-55 = 100%. Detailed electron microprobe analyses show that 'chlorite' analyses with high Si, K, Na and Ca contents are the result of interlayering with smectite-like layers. The Fe/(Fe + Mg) ratios of mixed-layer phyllosilicates from Point Sal samples are influenced by the bulk rock composition, not by the percentage of chlorite nor the structure of the phyllosilicate. Measurements of lattice-fringe images indicate that both smectite and chlorite layers are present in the Point Sal samples in abundances similar to those predicted with XRD techniques and that regular alternation of chlorite and smectite occurs at the unit-cell scale. Both 10- and 14-angstrom layers were recorded with HRTEM and interpreted to be smectite and chlorite, respectively. Regular alternation of chlorite and smectite (24-angstrom periodicity) occurs in upper lava samples L2036 and 1A-13, and lower lava sample 1B-42 for as many as seven alternations per crystallite with local layer mistakes. Sample L2035 shows disordered alternation of chlorite and smectite, with juxtaposition of smectite-like layers, suggesting that randomly interlayered chlorite (< 0.5)-smectite exists. Images of lower lava sample 1B-55 show predominantly 14-angstrom layers. Units of 24 angstrom tend to cluster in what may otherwise appear to be disordered mixtures, suggesting the existence of a corrensite end-member having thermodynamic significance.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||ISI Document Delivery No.: GL984
Times Cited: 35
Cited Reference Count: 26
Bettisonvarga, l mackinnon, idr schiffman, p
Blackwell science inc
Article first published online: 5 MAY 2007
|Keywords:||chlorite smectite, corrensite, mixed layer, TEM, XRD, metamorphism, corrensite, diagenesis|
|ISSN:||1525-1314 (online) 0263-4929 (prnit)|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > GEOLOGY (040300) > Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (040304)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > GEOLOGY (040300) > Mineralogy and Crystallography (040306)
|Divisions:||Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 1991 Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Deposited On:||26 Feb 2013 22:59|
|Last Modified:||26 Feb 2013 22:59|
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