High-resolution imaging of ordered mixed-layer clays

Klimentidis, R.E. & Mackinnon, I.D.R. (1986) High-resolution imaging of ordered mixed-layer clays. Clays and Clay Minerals, 34(2), pp. 155-164.

View at publisher


HRTEM has been used to examine illite/smectite from the Mancos shale, rectorite from Garland County, Arkansas; illite from Silver Hill, Montana; Na-smectite from Crook County, Wyoming; corrensite from Packwood, Washington; and diagenetic chlorite from the Tuscaloosa formation. Thin specimens were prepared by ion milling, ultra-microtome sectioning and/or grain dispersal on a porous carbon substrate. Some smectite-bearing clays were also examined after intercalation with dodecylamine hydrochloride (DH). Intercalation of smectite with DH proved to be a reliable method of HRTEM imaging of expanded smectite, d(001) 16 A which could then be distinguished from unexpanded illite, d(001) 10 A. Lattice fringes of basal spacings of DH-intercalated rectorite and illite/smectite showed 26 A periodicity. These data support XRD studies which suggest that these samples are ordered, interstratified varieties of illite and smectite. The ion-thinned, unexpanded corrensite sample showed discrete crystallites containing 10 A and 14 A basal spacings corresponding with collapsed smectite and chlorite, respectively. Regions containing disordered layers of chlorite and smectite were also noted. Crystallites containing regular alternations of smectite and chlorite were not common. These HRTEM observations of corrensite did not corroborate XRD data. Particle sizes parallel to the c axis ranged widely for each sample studied, and many particles showed basal dimensions equivalent to > five layers. -J.M.H.

Impact and interest:

45 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
66 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

147 since deposited on 25 Feb 2013
44 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 57495
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 30
Export Date: 19 February 2013
Source: Scopus
Language of Original Document: English
ISSN: 1552-8367
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > GEOLOGY (040300) > Mineralogy and Crystallography (040306)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1986 The Clay Minerals Society
Copyright Statement: Reproduced with kind permission of The Clay Minerals Society, publisher of Clays and Clay Minerals.
Deposited On: 25 Feb 2013 01:22
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2013 11:02

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page