Robots move : bootstrapping the development of object representations using sensorimotor coordination

Glover, Arren & Wyeth, Gordon (2012) Robots move : bootstrapping the development of object representations using sensorimotor coordination. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IEEE, Vilamoura, Portugal, pp. 5145-5151.

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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the unsupervised learning of object representations by fusing visual and motor information. The problem is posed for a mobile robot that develops its representations as it incrementally gathers data. The scenario is problematic as the robot only has limited information at each time step with which it must generate and update its representations. Object representations are refined as multiple instances of sensory data are presented; however, it is uncertain whether two data instances are synonymous with the same object. This process can easily diverge from stability. The premise of the presented work is that a robot's motor information instigates successful generation of visual representations. An understanding of self-motion enables a prediction to be made before performing an action, resulting in a stronger belief of data association. The system is implemented as a data-driven partially observable semi-Markov decision process. Object representations are formed as the process's hidden states and are coordinated with motor commands through state transitions. Experiments show the prediction process is essential in enabling the unsupervised learning method to converge to a solution - improving precision and recall over using sensory data alone.

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ID Code: 57522
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Hidden Markov models, Image segmentation, Object recognition, Robot kinematics, Robot sensing systems, Visualization
DOI: 10.1109/IROS.2012.6385770
ISBN: 9781467317368/12/S31.00
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Control Systems Robotics and Automation (090602)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Feb 2013 01:43
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2013 15:33

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