Using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) across cultures

Oei, Tian, Sawang, Sukanlaya, Goh, Yong Wah, & Mukhtar, Firdaus (2013) Using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) across cultures. International Journal of Psychology, 48(6), pp. 1018-1029.

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DASS-21 has been validated in a number of populations such as Hispanic adults, American, British and Australian. The findings show that the DASS-21 is psychometrically sound with good reliability and validity. It is clear from the literature that the DASS-21 is a well established instrument for measuring depression, anxiety and stress in the Western world. Nonetheless, the lack of appropriate validation amongst Asian populations continues to pose concerns over the use of DASS-21 in Asian samples. Cultural variation may influence the individual’s experience and emotional expression. Thus, when researchers and practitioners employ Western-based assessments with Asian populations by directly translating them without an appropriate validation, the process can be challenging. In summary, we have conducted a series of rigorous statistical tests and minimised any potential confounds from the demographic information. The advantages of this revised DASS-18 stress scale are twofold. First, the revised DASS-18 stress scale possessed fewer items, which resulted in a cleaner factorial structure. Second, it also had a smaller inter-factor correlation. With these justifications, the revised DASS-18 stress scale is potentially more suitable for the Asian populations.

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ID Code: 57536
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Asian, Psychometrics
DOI: 10.1080/00207594.2012.755535
ISSN: 0020-7594
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Industrial and Organisational Psychology (170107)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > COGNITIVE SCIENCE (170200) > Cognitive Science not elsewhere classified (170299)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: This is a preprint of an article submitted for consideration in the International Journal of Psychology © 2013 [copyright Taylor & Francis]; International Journal of Psychology is available online at:
Deposited On: 26 Feb 2013 23:23
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2014 20:07

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