Intercalation of kaolins by alkaline earth metal salts

Singh, Balbir & Mackinnon, Ian D.R. (1999) Intercalation of kaolins by alkaline earth metal salts. In Kodama, H., Mermut, A.R., & Torrance, J.K. (Eds.) Clays forOour Future, ICC97 Organising Committee, Ottawa Canada, pp. 489-495.


A suite of new materials, based on chemical modification of kaolins, has been successfully prepared via manipulation of the kaolin structure and subsequent intercalation by CaCl2 and MgCl2. A standard kaolinite(KGa-1)and a commercially available halloysite (New Zealand china clay) were used for this study. The kaolins are given several cycles of intercalation and deintercalation using a common intercalant such as potassium acetate. The number of cycles given depends on the type of kaolin. After this treatment, both kaolinite and halloysite hydrate show considerable broadening of the (00l) reflections which indicate extensive exfoliation of the layers. In the case of kaolinite, exfoliated layers roll to form tubes similar to proper halloysite. Kaolins modified by the above treatment readily intercalate MgCl2 and CaCl2 from saturated solutions of these salts. On intercalation with CaCl2 and MgCl2, kaolinite layers expand to 10A and 9.8A, and those of halloysite to 12.8A and 15.5A, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful intercalation of alkaline-earth halides by kaolins.

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ID Code: 57752
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: intercalation, kaolinite, halloysite, alkaline-earth metals
ISBN: 0968631407
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > GEOLOGY (040300) > Mineralogy and Crystallography (040306)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Deposited On: 11 Mar 2013 23:06
Last Modified: 25 May 2014 22:11

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