Understanding QC and EQA : an authentic learning model for undergraduate students (Conference Abstract)

Breen, Frances (2012) Understanding QC and EQA : an authentic learning model for undergraduate students (Conference Abstract). Clinical Biochemist Reviews, 33(4), S25-S25.

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Introduction QC and EQA are integral to good pathology laboratory practice. Medical Laboratory Science students undertake a project exploring internal QC and EQA procedures used in chemical pathology laboratories. Each student represents an individual lab and the class group represents the peer group of labs performing the same assay using the same method. Methods Using a manual BCG assay for serum albumin, normal and abnormal controls are run with a patient sample over 7 weeks. The QC results are assessed each week using calculated z-scores and both 2S & 3S control rules to determine whether a run is ‘in control’. At the end of the 7 weeks a completed LJ chart is assessed using the Westgard Multirules. Students investigate causes of error and the implications for both lab practice and patient care if runs are not ‘in control’. Twice in the 7 weeks two EQA samples (with target values unknown) are assayed alongside the weekly QC and patient samples. Results from each student are collated and form the basis of an EQA program. ALP are provided and students complete a Youden Plot, which is used to analyse the performance of each ‘lab’ and the method to identify bias. Students explore the concept of possible clinical implications of a biased method and address the actions that should be taken if a lab is not in consensus with the peer group.
Conclusion This project is a model of ‘real world’ practice in which student demonstrate an understanding of the importance of QC procedures in a pathology laboratory, apply and interpret statistics and QC rules and charts, apply critical thinking and analytical skills to quality performance data to make recommendations for further practice and improve their technical competence and confidence.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 57861
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Quality Control, External Quality Assurance, Authentic learning, Undergraduate, real world practice
ISSN: 0159-8090
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 The Australasian Association of Clinical Biochemists Inc.
Deposited On: 07 Mar 2013 01:14
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2013 15:35

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