Porohyperelastic analysis to explore mechanical properties of chondrocytes using numerical modeling and experiments : a finite element study

Nguyen, Trung Dung, Gu, YuanTong, Oloyede, Adekunle, & Senadeera, Wijitha (2012) Porohyperelastic analysis to explore mechanical properties of chondrocytes using numerical modeling and experiments : a finite element study. In 4th International Conference on Computational Methods (ICCM 2012), 25-28 November 2012, Crowne Plaza, Gold Coast, QLD.

Abstract

There are many continuum mechanical models have been developed such as liquid drop models, solid models, and so on for single living cell biomechanics studies. However, these models do not give a fully approach to exhibit a clear understanding of the behaviour of single living cells such as swelling behaviour, drag effect, etc. Hence, the porohyperelastic (PHE) model which can capture those aspects would be a good candidature to study cells behaviour (e.g. chondrocytes in this study). In this research, an FEM model of single chondrocyte cell will be developed by using this PHE model to simulate Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) experimental results with the variation of strain rate. This material model will be compared with viscoelastic model to demonstrate the advantages of PHE model. The results have shown that the maximum value of force applied of PHE model is lower at lower strain rates. This is because the mobile fluid does not have enough time to exude in case of very high strain rate and also due to the lower permeability of the membrane than that of the protoplasm of chondrocyte. This behavior is barely observed in viscoelastic model. Thus, PHE model is the better model for cell biomechanics studies.

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ID Code: 57918
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Porohyperelastic, chondrocyte, Finite Element Method (FEM), biomechanics
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation (091307)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 [please consult the author]
Deposited On: 07 Mar 2013 23:34
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2013 15:06

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