Thermal performance of composite panels under fire conditions using numerical studies : plasterboards, rockwool, glass fibre and cellulose insulations

Poologanathan, Keerthan & Mahendran, Mahen (2012) Thermal performance of composite panels under fire conditions using numerical studies : plasterboards, rockwool, glass fibre and cellulose insulations. Fire Technology, 49(2), pp. 329-356.

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In recent times, light gauge steel frame (LSF) wall systems are increasingly used in the building industry. They are usually made of cold-formed and thin-walled steel studs that are fire-protected by two layers of plasterboard on both sides. A composite LSF wall panel system was developed recently, where an insulation layer was used externally between the two plasterboards to improve the fire performance of LSF wall panels. In this research, finite element thermal models of the new composite panels were developed using a finite element program, SAFIR, to simulate their thermal performance under both standard and Eurocode design fire curves. Suitable apparent thermal properties of both the gypsum plasterboard and insulation materials were proposed and used in the numerical models. The developed models were then validated by comparing their results with available standard fire test results of composite panels. This paper presents the details of the finite element models of composite panels, the thermal analysis results in the form of time-temperature profiles under standard and Eurocode design fire curves and their comparisons with fire test results. Effects of using rockwool, glass fibre and cellulose fibre insulations with varying thickness and density were also investigated, and the results are presented in this paper. The results show that the use of composite panels in LSF wall systems will improve their fire rating, and that Eurocode design fires are likely to cause severe damage to LSF walls than standard fires.

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10 citations in Scopus
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6 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 57922
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Funders: ARC
Keywords: Composite panel, Finite element analysis, Fire performance, Gypsum plasterboard, Insulations, Standard and Eurocode design fire curves, Thermal performance
DOI: 10.1007/s10694-012-0269-6
ISSN: 1572-8099
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink
Deposited On: 07 Mar 2013 23:48
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2014 13:22

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