Catalytic cracking of tars derived from rice hull gasification over goethite and palygorskite

Liu, Haibo , Chen, Tianhu, Chang, Dongyin, Chen, Dong, & Frost, Ray L. (2012) Catalytic cracking of tars derived from rice hull gasification over goethite and palygorskite. Applied Clay Science, 70, pp. 51-57.

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Palygorskite (P), goethite (G), and hydrothermally synthesized goethite (HG) were used as supports for Fe and Ni. The catalytic activity of these materials was investigated involving in P, G and HG (supported Fe and Ni) for catalytic decomposition of biomass tar derived from rice hull gasification. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDS). The catalytic activity of P for removal of tar was significantly better than that of G and HG. However, the activity of G with 6 mass% Ni labeled as Ni6/G (tar conversion 94.6%), which was equal to Fe6Ni6/P (94.4%), was better than Ni6/P (64.4%) and Ni6/HG (46.7%). When the loading of Ni (mass%) was 6 mass% on G, tar conversion had the best value (94.6%) and yield of gaseous products reached 486.9, 167.8 and 22.2 mL/(g·tar) for H2, CO, CH4, respectively. The catalytic activity of goethite supported Ni was better in improving tar conversion and improving increased yield of H2, CO, CH4, which was attributed to the existence of Al/Fe substitution of goethite

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ID Code: 57924
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Biomass tar, Tar conversion, Catalytic cracking, Palygorskite, Goethite
DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2012.09.006
ISSN: 0169-1317
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Clay Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Clay Science, [VOL 70, (2012)] DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2012.09.006
Deposited On: 12 Mar 2013 01:20
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2013 01:43

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