The compatibility of leasehold and freehold tenure arrangements with environmental offset and trading initiatives

Maguire, Rowena (2009) The compatibility of leasehold and freehold tenure arrangements with environmental offset and trading initiatives. Queensland Environmental Practice Reporter, 14(63), pp. 27-38.


Environmental offsets and environmental trading initiatives are being rapidly introduced into environmental regulatory regimes. These relatively new legal mechanisms are attempting to fill in the gaps left by command and control regulation. The introduction of environmental offset and trading policy in Queensland will need to be compatible with existing land tenure regulation. Who owns and who uses natural resources are controlled by a range of legislative reservations and restrictions. Reservations give the State ownership of certain natural resources such as minerals, quarry material and, in some circumstances, forest products. Where there is a reservation in operation, the land holders rights are weakened. Restrictions in relation to uses prevent land holders from carrying out certain activities on the land. An example of a restriction of use is the operation of the Vegetation Management Act 1999(Qld), which prescribes the manner in which vegetation is to be dealt with. This article explores the nature of freehold and leasehold land tenure in Queensland and examines the effect of reservations and restrictions upon the operation of environmental offset and trading initiatives. Presently Queensland legislation does not directly address the relationship between land tenure and environmental offset and trading initiatives. The stability of tenure required for the creation of environmental offsets can be at odds with the flexibility allowed for under leasehold arrangements. This flexibility may act to undermine the permanency requirement of environmental offset creation (i.e. the guarantee that the offset is created for the long term).

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ID Code: 57934
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: No
Keywords: Land Tenure, Environment, Offset, Freehold, Leasehold
ISSN: 1323-7349
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES (180000) > LAW (180100) > Environmental and Natural Resources Law (180111)
Divisions: Past > Institutes > Institute for Sustainable Resources
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Queensland Environmental Law Association
Deposited On: 08 Mar 2013 05:19
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2013 05:58

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