# High strong order methods for non-commutative stochastic ordinary differential equation systems and the Magnus formula

Burrage, Kevin & Burrage, Pamela
(1999)
High strong order methods for non-commutative stochastic ordinary differential equation systems and the Magnus formula.
*Physica D Nonlinear Phenomena*, *133*(1 Apr), pp. 34-48.

## Abstract

In recent years considerable attention has been paid to the numerical solution of stochastic ordinary differential equations (SODEs), as SODEs are often more appropriate than their deterministic counterparts in many modelling situations. However, unlike the deterministic case numerical methods for SODEs are considerably less sophisticated due to the difficulty in representing the (possibly large number of) random variable approximations to the stochastic integrals. Although Burrage and Burrage [High strong order explicit Runge-Kutta methods for stochastic ordinary differential equations, Applied Numerical Mathematics 22 (1996) 81-101] were able to construct strong local order 1.5 stochastic Runge-Kutta methods for certain cases, it is known that all extant stochastic Runge-Kutta methods suffer an order reduction down to strong order 0.5 if there is non-commutativity between the functions associated with the multiple Wiener processes. This order reduction down to that of the Euler-Maruyama method imposes severe difficulties in obtaining meaningful solutions in a reasonable time frame and this paper attempts to circumvent these difficulties by some new techniques. An additional difficulty in solving SODEs arises even in the Linear case since it is not possible to write the solution analytically in terms of matrix exponentials unless there is a commutativity property between the functions associated with the multiple Wiener processes. Thus in this present paper first the work of Magnus [On the exponential solution of differential equations for a linear operator, Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics 7 (1954) 649-673] (applied to deterministic non-commutative Linear problems) will be applied to non-commutative linear SODEs and methods of strong order 1.5 for arbitrary, linear, non-commutative SODE systems will be constructed - hence giving an accurate approximation to the general linear problem. Secondly, for general nonlinear non-commutative systems with an arbitrary number (d) of Wiener processes it is shown that strong local order I Runge-Kutta methods with d + 1 stages can be constructed by evaluated a set of Lie brackets as well as the standard function evaluations. A method is then constructed which can be efficiently implemented in a parallel environment for this arbitrary number of Wiener processes. Finally some numerical results are presented which illustrate the efficacy of these approaches. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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ID Code: | 57935 |
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Item Type: | Journal Article |

Refereed: | Yes |

Keywords: | numerical solution of stochastic ordinary differential equations, modelling, Runge-Kutta methods , Euler-Maruyama method , nonlinear non-commutative systems , Wiener processes |

DOI: | 10.1016/S0167-2789(99)00097-4 |

ISSN: | 0167-2789 |

Subjects: | Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000) > STATISTICS (010400) > Stochastic Analysis and Modelling (010406) |

Divisions: | Current > Schools > School of Mathematical Sciences Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty |

Copyright Owner: | Copyright Elsevier 1999 |

Deposited On: | 08 Mar 2013 06:27 |

Last Modified: | 12 Apr 2013 00:36 |

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