Deriving construction features from an IFC model
Nepal, Madhav Prasad, Staub-French, Sheryl, Zhang, Jiemin, Lawrence, Michael, & Pottinger, Rachel (2008) Deriving construction features from an IFC model. In Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering 2008 : Partnership for Innovation, Curran Associates, Inc, Quebec City, Quebec, pp. 426-436.
In recent years, there has been a growing interest from the design and construction community to adopt Building Information Models (BIM). BIM provides semantically-rich information models that explicitly represent both 3D geometric information (e.g., component dimensions), along with non-geometric properties (e.g., material properties). While the richness of design information offered by BIM is evident, there are still tremendous challenges in getting construction-specific information out of BIM, limiting the usability of these models for construction. In this paper, we describe our approach for extracting construction-specific design conditions from a BIM model based on user-defined queries. This approach leverages an ontology of features we are developing to formalize the design conditions that affect construction. Our current implementation analyzes the component geometry and topological relationships between components in a BIM model represented using the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) to identify construction features. We describe the reasoning process implemented to extract these construction features, and provide a critique of the IFC’s to support the querying process. We use examples from two case studies to illustrate the construction features, the querying process, and the challenges involved in deriving construction features from an IFC model.
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