A banded preconditioner for the two-sided, nonlinear space-fractional diffusion equation

Moroney, Timothy J. & Yang, Qianqian (2013) A banded preconditioner for the two-sided, nonlinear space-fractional diffusion equation. Computers & Mathematics with Applications.

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The method of lines is a standard method for advancing the solution of partial differential equations (PDEs) in time. In one sense, the method applies equally well to space-fractional PDEs as it does to integer-order PDEs. However, there is a significant challenge when solving space-fractional PDEs in this way, owing to the non-local nature of the fractional derivatives. Each equation in the resulting semi-discrete system involves contributions from every spatial node in the domain. This has important consequences for the efficiency of the numerical solver, especially when the system is large. First, the Jacobian matrix of the system is dense, and hence methods that avoid the need to form and factorise this matrix are preferred. Second, since the cost of evaluating the discrete equations is high, it is essential to minimise the number of evaluations required to advance the solution in time.

In this paper, we show how an effective preconditioner is essential for improving the efficiency of the method of lines for solving a quite general two-sided, nonlinear space-fractional diffusion equation. A key contribution is to show, how to construct suitable banded approximations to the system Jacobian for preconditioning purposes that permit high orders and large stepsizes to be used in the temporal integration, without requiring dense matrices to be formed. The results of numerical experiments are presented that demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach.

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ID Code: 58430
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: two-sided fractional diffusion, nonlinear, method of lines, Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov, banded preconditioner
DOI: 10.1016/j.camwa.2013.01.048
ISSN: 0097-4943
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000) > NUMERICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL MATHEMATICS (010300) > Numerical Solution of Differential and Integral Equations (010302)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Schools > School of Mathematical Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computers & Mathematics with Applications. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computers & Mathematics with Applications, [VOL -, ISSUE -, (2013)] DOI: 10.1016/j.camwa.2013.01.048
Deposited On: 20 Mar 2013 01:12
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2013 13:29

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