Coping resources, coping strategies and adaptation to organisational change : direct or buffering effects?

Callan, Victor J., Terry, Deborah J., & Schweitzer, Robert (1994) Coping resources, coping strategies and adaptation to organisational change : direct or buffering effects? Work & Stress : an International Journal of Work, Health & Organisations, 8(4), pp. 372-383.

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Abstract

This study examined the effects of personal and social resources, coping strategies and appraised stress on employees' levels of anxiety and depression. In relation to the effects of resources and coping strategies, two different models were tested. The main effects model proposes that, irrespective of the level of stress, coping resources and coping strategies have direct effects on well-being. In contrast, the buffering model predicts that the buffering effects of coping resources and strategies are only evident at high levels of stress. One hundred lawyers completed a structured self-administered questionnaire that measured their personal and social resources, use of problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies, and appraisals of the stressfulness of the situation. Results revealed generally strong support for the main effects model in the prediction of employee levels of anxiety and depression. Lower levels of anxiety were linked to judgements of lower levels of organizational change, greater self-confidence, greater internality of control beliefs and less use of emotion-focused coping strategies. Lower levels of depression in employees were also linked to judgements of lower levels of organizational change, greater use of resources and less appraised stress. There was only limited support for the buffering effects model. Due to the small size of the sample, the findings need to be explored further in other contexts.

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ID Code: 58618
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: organizational change, coping, change, personal resources, social resources, stress, strategies
DOI: 10.1080/02678379408256543
ISSN: 0267-8373
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Industrial and Organisational Psychology (170107)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1994 Taylor & Francis Ltd
Copyright Statement: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Work & Stress : An International Journal of Work, Health & Organisations [Volume 8, Issue 4, 1994] [copyright Taylor & Francis], available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02678379408256543
Deposited On: 24 Mar 2013 23:03
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2013 22:46

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